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Phonetics and grammar of the Lithuanian language A1

The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the most important regularities of Lithuanian phonetics and grammar and teach them to apply them practically. The phonetics part presents the most important differences between letters and sounds, long and short vowels, diphthongs and mixed diphthongs; voiced and voiceless, as well as hard and soft consonants; palatalization and practical application of these elements in cohesive language. The grammar part includes noun declensions, verbs and adjectives, cardinal and ordinal numerals, personal pronouns, place and time prepositions and the main rules of case government and agreement.


Having completed the course students will be able to:

  • describe the difference between letters and sounds and long and short vowels in Lithuanian, distinguish them in spoken language;
  • differentiate and recognize diphthongs and mixed diphthongs in Lithuanian, distinguish them listening to spoken language;
  • differentiate voiced and voiceless, hard and soft consonants, describe palatalization and apply it when reading/speaking;
  • recognize the pronunciation peculiarities of vowels o and e in international words and apply them speaking;
  • use different grammatical categories of nouns in written texts and simple conversations;
  • use different grammatical categories of verbs in written texts and simple conversations;
  • use singular nominative and accusative cases of masculine and feminine adjectives in written texts and simple conversations;
  • use place and time prepositions in written texts and simple conversations;
  • use nominative and accusative of cardinal and ordinal numerals in written texts and simple conversations;
  • use nominative and genitive of personal pronouns.


  • What are Lithuanian letters and sounds? Introducing the Lithuanian alphabet, long and short vowels.
  • What constitutes a syllable? The syllable nucleus: diphthongs and mixed diphthongs.
  • How do the consonants and vowels interact? Voiced and voiceless, hard and soft consonants, palatalization, vowels o, e in international words.
  • What are the grammatical categories of Lithuanian nouns and adjectives? Introducing the inflectional paradigms. Agreement of nouns and adjectives.
  • What are the grammatical categories of Lithuanian verbs? Introducing the inflectional paradigms. Case government.
  • What are Lithuanian place and time prepositions? Case government.
  • How to express what time is it in Lithuanian? Grammatical categories of cardinal and ordinal numerals.
  • How are the personal pronouns inflected?

Detailed study programme for learning in a group

Planned beginning of training

  • 2023-09-05 - 2023-12-22


  • 15 weeks (II 14:30-16:30)


  • Lietuvių
  • Anglų


  • 160 academic hours (6 ECTS credits)

Target group

  • Lithuanian diaspora and foreigners

Prerequisites for entering the course

  • Finished or enrolled in the course Lithuanian for Foreigners A1

Acknowledgement of acquired competencies

  • A document certifying the obtained competence or an academic certificate (upon the student‘s request)

Regina Sabonytė

VMU PhD student in philology, lecturer at the Department of Lithuanian Studies

Besides being passionate about the Lithuanian language as a philologist, she is currently finishing her Ph.D. in Lithuanian intonation while at the same time working on other speech-technology-related projects. Her scientific interests are intonational phonetics and phonology as well as analysis of extralinguistic and paralinguistic language elements. She teaches Lithuanian as a Foreign Language A1, Lithuanian Phonetics and Grammar (for Lithuanian as a Foreign Language A1 students), Speaking Practice of the Lithuanian Language II (for A2 and B1 levels), Professional Language (for students of Logistics and Commerce, Tourism Industries, and Rural Development).

Viktorija Kavaliauskaitė-Vilkinienė

Lithuanian language lecturer at Vytautas Magnus University

Viktorija Kavaliauskaitė-Vilkinienė is a doctor of philology. Her scientific interests cover the fields of language acquisition, children‘s language, pragmatics and sociolinguistics. At Vytautas Magnus University, teaches Phonetics and Grammar of the Lithuanian language (for A1 level). Also works in intensive Lithuanian language and culture courses and teach Lithuanian as a Foreign Language A1. As a Lithuanian language teacher, She has worked in other institutions as well, including the Refugee and Migrant Integration Centre.

Vytautas Magnus University provides individualised in-service training programmes for companies.

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