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Phonetics and grammar of the Lithuanian language A1

The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the most important regularities of Lithuanian phonetics and grammar and teach them to apply them practically. The phonetics part presents the most important differences between letters and sounds, long and short vowels, diphthongs and mixed diphtongs; voiced and voiceless, as well as hard and soft consonants; palatalization and practical application of these elements in cohesive language. The grammar part includes noun declensions, verbs and adjectives, cardinal and ordinal numerals, personal pronouns, place and time prepositions and the main rules of case government and agreement.

Way of learning

Having completed the course students will be able to:

  • Describe the difference between letters and sounds and long and short vowels in Lithuanian, distinguish them in spoken language.
  • Differentiate and recognize diphthongs and mixed diphthongs in Lithuanian, distinguish them listening to spoken language.
  • Differentiate voiced and voiceless, hard and soft consonants, describe palatalization and apply it when reading/speaking.
  • Recognize the pronunciation peculiarities of vowels o and e in international words and apply them speaking.
  • Use different grammatical categories of nouns in written texts and simple conversations.
  • Use different grammatical categories of verbs in written texts and simple conversations.
  • Use singular nominative and accusative cases of masculine and feminine adjectives in written texts and simple conversations.
  • Use place and time prepositions in written texts and simple conversations.
  • Use nominative and accusative of cardinal and ordinal numerals in written texts and simple conversations.
  • Use nominative and genitive of personal pronouns.


  • Introduction. Letter and sound. Long and short vowels.
  • Diphthongs. Mixed diphthongs.
  • Voiced and voiceless consonants. Hard and soft consonants. Palatalization.
  • Vowels o, e in international words.
  • Grammatical categories of noun: gender, number, case. Inflectional paradigms.
  • Grammatical categories of verb: tense, person. Declensions. Case government.
  • Grammatical categories of adjective: gender, number, case. Agreement.
  • Place and time prepositions. Government.
  • Cardinal and ordinal numerals.
  • Personal pronouns.

Detailed study programme for learning in a group


  • 15 weeks (I, III 18:00-19:30)


  • Lietuvių
  • Anglų


  • 160 academic hours (6 ECTS credits)

Target group

  • Anyone who is keen on learning more about the Lithuanian language, who would like to improve their grammar and pronunciation skills, students who have finished or are enrolled in the course Lithuanian for Foreigners A1. Lithuanian diaspora and foreigners.

Prerequisites for entering the course

  • Finished or enrolled in the course Lithuanian for Foreigners A1

Acknowledgement of acquired competencies

  • A document certifying the obtained competence or an academic certificate (upon the student‘s request)

Jurgita Cvilikaitė-Mačiulskienė

Lecturer of the Institute of Foreign Languages

Have been working as a lecturer at VMU for more than 15 years. Have taught General English (levels A1-B2), Legal English (C1/C2), Translation of Specialised Texts, as well as Lithuanian as a Foreign Language. The main areas of her research interests are translation, lexical semantics, TEFL and implementation of ICT in language teaching.

Vytautas Magnus University provides individualised in-service training programmes for companies.

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